Osteomyelitis, or infection of the bone or bone marrow, most commonly affects long bones in the body. It is often found in babies and infants born prematurely or with complications. A baby who was born prematurely or who had other health issues at birth, such as jaundice, may have difficulty fighting off a bacterial or viral infection. Infrared light devices are an alternative form of treatment for pain and inflammation symptoms. Pain and inflammation are an immune system response designed to heal and protect injured or damaged areas in the body. The effects of infrared light on protein activity within the cells work to increase the body's healing processes. Orthoses in this group were fabricated with an arch support and 5º medial wedge. This group consisted of six subjects with a mean duration of treatment of 7.2 months (4- to 10-month range). Three individuals in this group perceived their condition as good since the initiation of orthotic treatment. One subject was within the average weight range and another would not discuss weight characteristics. The other four individuals averaged 36.8 pounds over the upper limit of the average weight range. Activity level increased in only one subject and pain decreased in three subjects. If your child has flat feet , there may be no need for worry – it could be normal for their age. Many parents become concerned when they notice that their child has flat feet Depending on the age of your child, it may be nothing to worry about or it may indicate fallen arches, which Podiatrists call pes planus Remember, wear arch supports if you are standing, exercising, shopping, working, and always at home. A number of products are available in stores near you. Start today, and you'll be amazed at how much better you will feel. Fallen arches, or flatfoot, is a condition in which the feet do not have the typical arched shape. Fallen arches in children are rarely a cause for concern. In fact, 80 to 90 percent of babies born in North America are flatfooted at birth, according to Seattle Children's Hospital. Most of the time, a child will develop normal arches in the first years of life. Types The doctor will ask you to stand on your toes and if the arch forms while you are standing on your toes, the flat foot is noted as being flexible. A person with a flexible arch or flexible foot does not require further treatment. Repetitive stress injury (also known as RSI) occurs when your body performs the same movements repeatedly on a consistent basis. These movements put stress on the affected areas. RSI can affect any occupation and any individual. There are a variety of modalities and repetitive stress injury exercises you can choose from to decrease your symptoms. Degenerative joint disease, or osteoarthritis, is a noninflammatory form of arthritis that is often the result of excessive wear and tear on a joint, sometimes due to sports or occupation. The weight-bearing joints are usually affected. Flat footedness occurs when there is a significant decrease in tone to the musculoskeletal components of the arch. This decrease in tone also results in decreased strength and stability of the arch. Individuals with crushing type traumas, such as having their foot ran over or dropping a very heavy object on it, may have significant ligament laxity also contributing to the lack of appropriate arch height. You could be interested to learn that right up until 1977, Australian podiatrists were identified as chiropodists. The official name change to podiatry demonstrated the advancing of education levels and an expansion in the scope of practice by the profession. In the child before age 3, the normal longitudinal arch of the foot is present, but often masked by the fat pad in the instep. Hence all young children before age 3 look flat-footed, even though they are not. After age 3, the fat pad disappears, and the arch becomes more evident. Rigid flatfeet is more serious, and can be painful. Congenital convex pes valgus is present at birth, and is obvious to any observer. The foot is very rigid and need aggressive treatment. Tarsal coalition presents at around age 10 when the child starts to complain of foot pain during activities. Insoles are commonly worn to help support the arches. My opinion is they are great if there is pain,discomfort that intervenes with activities but if no other concern, its not necessary. An insole supports the arch but doesn't develop it, so wearing one just weakens the arch more. And lastly, it is always good to consult a physical therapist for an evaluation. In most cases it is caused through a biomechanical complaint (abnormal walking) such as Fore Foot Varus. This is a condition in which the subtaler joint in the foot over pronates (rolls in too much).